Organized crime in the United States has always constituted a prevalent issue for law enforcement agencies. Police officers are usually forced to deal with numerous cases as an outcome of the multiple gangs and organized groups, such as the Mafia, that operate consistently across different regions of the nation. However, global shifts have exposed law enforcement agencies to new threats termed as transnational organized crime. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has affirmed the existence of new threats that presently represent the categorization of organized crime. Aside from the Mafia, America is faced with new forms of structured criminality as an outcome of the changing landscape, primarily facilitated by forces such as globalization and the Internet. These new threats mostly constitute transnational organized crime.
Transnational organized crime (TOC) occurs in many forms. By definition, TOC involves associations or groups that function across borders to attain influence, power, and financial gains via illegal approaches while engaging in corrupt practices to protect themselves from justice (Madsen 35). These new threats are comprised of African, Asian, Balkan, Middle Eastern, and Eurasian TOC associations (FBI). The new threats differ from the traditional Mafia style due to their international operations. The Mafia usually operates within the United States and comprised of over 3000 members (FBI). Consequently, much of their impact is experienced in several areas across the country. Despite these numbers, the new threats are capable of operating across borders while engaging in both state and federal crimes (FBI). As a result, transnational crimes usually pose plausible or actual implications due to the manner in which they violate values and laws observed by the international community.
Transnational organized crime
(TOC) is perpetuated by associations that can wield considerable influence in
their pursuit of financial gain. These groups secure themselves via fraudulent
means across the United States and beyond its borders. Even though the Mafia
has always been an issue for the FBI, TOC threats are a considerable problem.
The severity of the new groups results from the impact that they pose across
the country’s borders as well as within the international community.
Madsen, Frank G. Global institutions: Transnational Organized Crime. Routledge, 2015.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation. “Transnational Organized Crime.” n. d. https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/organized-crime#Overview. Accessed 20 July 2018.